Skateboarding has been around since the 1950s when kids in southern California learned they could nail roller skates to a wood plank and ‘surf the sidewalk’ when they couldn’t get on the water. Since those first amateur boards, skateboarding has become a sport and industry by itself with professionally engineered and built skateboards replacing ones built in garages.
The modern skateboard is flexible, durable, and much more versatile than old school handmade boards, but how do today’s manufacturer’s make skateboards? Let’s learn the process step-by-step to figure out how skateboards are made and how one special glue holds everything together.
The Skateboard Process
Skateboards consist of three main components – the deck, the trucks, and the wheels. There are a few secondary components like bearings and grip tape depending on the model, but you can’t have a skateboard without a deck, trucks, or wheels.
Building the Deck
First, the wood. Most skateboard decks are manufactured from hardwood like maple or oak though maple is the most popular wood for today’s boards. Hardwoods like maple provide both strength and flexibility opposed to plastic or softwoods which tend to break instead of bend when stressed.
Once the proper wood is selected, manufacturers cut it into several thin sheets known as veneers.
Veneers are coated with a specialized adhesive (we’ll get more into the glue later) and layered together, much like plywood.
The layered veneers are placed in a deck-shaped hydraulic mold and pressed to bond the veneers and form the shape of the skateboard’s deck. The mold provides the popular concave shape that helps riders keep their feet planted and control the board. Boards can be molded into several different shapes and sizes from foot and a half penny boards to three-foot longboards for cruising.
The glued layers are pulled from the press and cut into the classic skateboard shapes using a band saw. Most modern skateboards are formed with a nose, tail, and concave deck. The sides of the deck are sanded down and holes are drilled in the top of the board to connect the trucks. Graphics can also be applied to the bottom of the deck. Most skateboard manufacturers use screen-printing for colorful graphics that won’t fade over time. Lastly, the deck is sprayed with a sealant to prevent water damage and warping. Manufacturers may apply asphalt-based grip tape for added traction though grip tape is traditionally applied at the point of purchase like your local skate shop.
After the deck is complete installers use the pre-drilled holes to attach trucks. Skateboard trucks are T-shaped axles constructed from aluminum or other durable metals. They’re designed to hold onto the skateboard wheels and allow riders to turn by leaning. Most skateboard trucks use a simple nut and bolt system so skaters can easily attach or detach them to the deck.
After the trucks are attached, manufacturers attach wheels to their trucks. Most skateboard wheels are manufactured from durable polyurethane and a center bearing both on the inside to help the wheels spin. Like the trucks, wheels are secured with a nut and bolt for easy assembly if you need to change them.
You now have a fully functioning skateboard ready to shred city streets or your local skatepark.
Picking the right woods and shape is key to making a great skateboard, but the real trick is in the glue. A skateboard without proper glue will delaminate, fray, and leave you with a broken pile of splinters after a few rides.
Most manufacturers use a specialized wood glue known as Franklin Multibond Sk8 Adhesive for its superior adhesive abilities, waterproofness, and strength over time. Multibond Sk8 Glue holds your board together even if you leave it in the rain or take the board off a steep drop. Modern skateboarding wouldn’t exist without the advent of great glues like Multibond Sk8 Glue.
Other Uses for Multibond Sk8 Glue
Franklin’s Multibond Sk8 Glue is the key to keeping a skateboard together through heavy use, but this unique adhesive is useful for any job where you need a powerful watertight adhesive. You can use Multibond Sk8 glue for any projects that involve the wood and outdoors like deck building, furniture crafting, or hardscape repairs. If normal wood glue isn’t working for you, try Multibond Sk8 Glue.
Skateboarding has come a long way since scrap pieces of woods with roller skates nailed to them and that’s good news for skateboards. The modern is skateboard uses the perfect wood, the perfect tools, and the perfect glue to hold it all together. Whether you need a quick way to get across campus or want to shred the park with the best of them, grab a board and get rolling.
Whether you’re building a skateboard or a house, contact us for all your adhesive needs.
There are countless degreasers, lubricants, cleaners, and solvents on the store shelf. How the heck do you know which one is right for your project? While there several brands and types of oil-based agents, two of the most popular are Bostik Bearing Lubricant and WD-40. While the two products seem similar, many important differences set them far apart. Let’s figure out the difference between Bostik Bearing Lubricant and WD-40.
What is Bostik Bearing Lubricant?
Bostik Bearing Lubricant is a petroleum-based aerosol lubricant. It is manufactured to lubricate moving mechanical components, especially bearings as the name implies. According to Bostik, their bearing lubricant can unfreeze frozen bearings, works up to 550 degrees Fahrenheit, works twice as long as standard oil, and can reduce operating friction by 25%.
Bostik Bearing Lubricant contains antioxidative compounds to keep it from gumming up over time and high viscosity for both slowly and quickly moving parts.
When to Use Bostik Bearing Lubricant
Because Bostik Bearing Lubricant dries quickly and doesn’t gum even after multiple applications, it’s great for long-term applications where you need something to open, move, or slide gracefully. Bostik recommends their bearing lubricant for:
• Ball bearings
• Roller bearings
• Wheel Bearings
• Router Bit Bearings
• Router work on wood and other solid surfaces
What is WD-40?
WD-40 makes more sense when you know WD stands for water displacement, 40th formula. WD-40 uses aliphatic hydrocarbons, anti-corrosion agents, water displacement compounds, and soil removal additives in an aerosol can to help clean rust and other grimy and greasy buildup. There’s nothing about lubricating in the name because WD-40 is not a true lubricant. WD-40 is designed to dissolve rust or act as a solvent against greasy buildup.
Why isn’t WD-40 a good long-term lubricant? It seems like a lubricant when you apply it, right? WD-40 gives the appearances of a lubricant immediately after application because it dissolves greasy buildup into simpler oils that act as temporary lubricants. Why is not a true lubricant? Because WD-40 lacks antioxidative additives. Without the additives WD-40 quickly oxidizes, leaving behind gunk and more grease than before. WD-40 also has a low viscosity that makes it impractical for low-speed lubricant applications like door hinges or casters. Without the proper additives and viscosity, WD-40 makes for a poor long-term lubricant.
When to Use WD-40
Because WD-40 lacks the antioxidative additives that keep it from gumming up, it’s best used in cleaning situations or if you need to degrease something before applying a lubricant. If you have a door hinge that’s caked with years of dust and oil, you can use WD-40 to dissolve the gunk and wipe it down before applying a lubricant like Bostik Bearing Lubricant.
Bostik Bearing and Lubricant and WD-40 are both excellent products, but there are significant differences is when you use them. You use bearing lubricant to serve as a true lubricant and WD-40 as a solvent for greasy buildup. Use the two for their respective applications, and you’ll get the best from both products.
What is a Structural Adhesives?
There is a common misconception that sealants and structural adhesives are the same, but that couldn’t be further from the truth. A structural adhesive cures, or hardens, and permanently bonds the two pieces. A sealant, on the other hand, acts as a filler instead. That filler can eventually deteriorate and need replacing, whereas a structural adhesive should never need to be replaced.
With structural adhesives, there is more than one type. In fact, there are seven different types that you can choose from, depending on the project at hand. The seven structural adhesives include vinyl acetates, epoxies, anaerobics, phenolics, toughened acrylics, cyanoacrylates, and polyurethanes.
There are many benefits to using structural adhesives, and they include impact resistance, aesthetics, strength, efficiency for any process, design innovation, lightweight options, water resistance, and bonding between almost any material. Of course, to receive these numerous benefits, you must know the answers to specific questions before applying the structural adhesive. Continue reading
Table saws are amazing tools that can help you construct almost anything, but only if they are working correctly. If you are noticing that your table saw isn’t performing the way that it used to, you may be dealing with a blade that has a buildup on it. When working with blades in that capacity, you’ll find that your cuts are not as precise and that materials can be damaged much easier.
Thankfully, there are a couple of different types of table saw lubricants that can reverse that and bring back the performance of your table or circular saw. Let’s take a look at a couple of our favorites: Continue reading
Case and carton damage before and during delivery to the final consumer is an ongoing problem for beverage distributors. In an industry where brand identification on the crowded store shelf is critical for success, there is no tolerance for any package damage.
In this blog, we are going to discuss common product damage problems that beverage distributors face and ways to economically repack products for consumer use. Continue reading
We often receive questions from customers when they want information or have problems with their laminated wood projects. These include panel-on-frame, veneer/solid core, or high-pressure lamination type of projects. We are going to discuss several issues that can arise, probable causes, and recommended solutions.
Uneven panels, plant temperatures, glue application, improper stock preparation, press time, and/or pressure can compromise the quality of the final laminated wood product. Here are the five most common problems, and what you can do to avoid them.
Things to Know About Cyanoacrylate
Cyanoacrylate, such as FS 4000, is a type of adhesive that is an acrylic monomer that turns into plastic once it has cured. There are many different family types for cyanoacrylate, including industrial, household, and medical, but they are all fast-acting and strong. When a person uses this adhesive, they are starting with a liquid that then turns into a long chain that is solid and sturdy.
It is necessary to apply a thin layer of this adhesive, as that is the only way that the reaction of the liquid and the air will quickly produce a strong bond. Thicker coats will not dry as fast, creating movement and a bond that is less than desirable.
One of the most common forms of cyanoacrylate is ethyl 2-cyanoacrylate or ECA, and many people refer to it as Super Glue or Krazy Glue. Other types are methyl 2-cyanoacrylate, n-butyl cyanoacrylate, and 2-octyl cyanoacrylate, with the latter used mostly in the medical and veterinary fields.
Choosing the Best Spray Adhesive for the Job
There are many options to choose from when it comes to selecting a spray adhesive. Are you looking for a product to dries quickly, tacks up fast and holds up well in high-temperature environments? Perhaps your business deals with foam and fabrics, and you need a spray adhesive that bonds well in that environment. If you work in wood, you may be looking for a general purpose product that will bond a variety of materials together. Whatever your specific requirements demand, there is a fast tack spray adhesive manufactured to meet your needs. In this article, we’ll consider some products that have unique characteristics as well as being suited for general purpose use. Safety is always a concern so be sure to check the Safety Data Sheets (SDS) to ensure that your chosen product will work in your environment.
Things to Know About Methacrylate Adhesives
Methacrylate adhesives are more commonly known as MMA adhesives or acrylic adhesives. This adhesive is quite strong due to its two-part reactive qualities, which is a resin and hardener, where it acts as a strengthening agent. Alone, this adhesive would be brittle, yet hard. However, once it is combined with a modifier, this structural adhesive is strong and even flexible.